Days in which supererogatory Fasting is recommended

From: fiqh urud (fiqhur...)

Days in which supererogatory Fasting is recommended
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1-Six days in the month of Shawwal (after the month of Ramaḍān)

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him ) said: “ Whosoever Fasts the month of Ramaḍān and thereafter follows it up with six days of Fasting in Shawwal, it will be recorded (altogether) for him as a complete year of Fasting”64. It is same if he does it consecutively or spreads it over the entire month.

2-First nine days of Dhul Hijjah ( the twelfth month of Islamic calendar.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said : “There is no other day in which good deeds performed are so pleasing to Allah than these days ( i.e. the first ten days of the twelfth month). The companions inquired: “What about jihād (fighting) in the cause of Allah? The Prophet said: “Not even jihād in the cause of Allah (is up to its rewards), except for a man who went out in the cause of Allah with his life and wealth and never returned with anything of both”65. However, the most important of these days is the day of ‘Arafah, for those not performing the pilgrimage. The day of ‘Arafah is the ninth day of the twelfth month of Islamic calendar. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “ As for Fasting on the day of ‘Arafah, I expect Allah Almighty will reward that by forgiving the sins of a year gone and a coming year”66.


3-Fasting on ‘Āshurā

‘Āshura(10th day of Muharram)
This is the tenth day of Muharram, the month of Allah Almighty.
This is because, the Prophet said: “ And as for Fasting on the day of ‘Āshura, I expect that Allah Almighty shall forgive the sins of the year prior.”67
The reason for Fasting on this day is in accordance with what was related from the authority of ‘AbdulLah ibn ‘Abbas who said: “When the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) arrived at Madinah, he found the Jews Fasting on ‘Āshurā. Then he inquired why (do they fast on that day)?. They answered; this is a good day, the day Allah Almighty saved the children of Israel from their enemy, and as such Prophet Musa (peace be upon him) Fasted thereafter (on that day). Then the Prophet said: “I am more rightful to Musa than you”. Then he Fasted and ordered the Muslim to Fast on that day”68. In another narration by Imam Muslim, the Prophet said, if I remained (in life) till the next year after, I shall Fast the ninth day”69

4-The bright days in every month

The bright days
These are the 13th, 14th and 15th days of every Islamic month. They are referred to as bright days, because their nights are brightened by the light of the moon.
It is authenticated that Abd al-Mālik ibn Abi al-Minhāl conveyed from his father that the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) ordered them to fast the three "white" days. He said, "It is [equivalent] to Fasting the entire month."70

5- Fasting on Monday and Thursday of every week:

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet(peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Deeds are reported to Allah Almighty on every Monday and Thursday; and I like that my deeds are reported while I Fast.”71.

6- Fasting on alternative days:

The best form of supererogatory Fast is the Fast of Prophet Dawud (peace be upon him)peace be upon him. He used to Fast a day and break a day. Ábdullah ibn ‘Amr reported the Prophet(peace and blessings be upon him) to have said: “ The best form of Fasting is the Fasting of Dawud (peace be upon him)peace be upon him; he used to Fast a day and take a break on the other.”72


7-Fasting in Muharram (the first month of the Islamic calendar).

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah, the prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “The best form of Fasting besides Ramaḍān is I in the month of Allah, Al-Muharram”73.


8-Fasting in Sha’ban (the eighth month of the Islamic calendar)

The Prophet didn't Fast in any other month as much as he did in Sha’bān. Usāmah ibn Zaid said unto the Prophet: “O the Prophet of Allah! I have not seen you Fast in a month as you do in Sha’bān”. The Prophet replied: “ That is the month, between Rajab and Ramaḍān, many people are not conscious about it and deeds are returned to the Lord of the worlds. Thus I love that my deeds are returned to Allah Almighty while I Fast.”74

Regarding the prohibition contained in the Prophet's hadeeth, (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), where he said: “When Sha’baan is half over, do not Fast until Ramadan”,75 t either means that the prohibition is related to Fasting deliberately only after the month is halfway over, or to join Sha'baan with Ramadan. However, a person who continues Fasting the second half of Sha'baan after Fasting during the first part of the month and does not join that month with Ramadan in F, then there is nothing wrong with his Fasting..


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