Days on which Supererogatory Fasting is Recommended

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Muhammad ﷺ was the example for the Salaf (the Pious Predecessors)
Ibn Al Qayyim (may Allah have mercy upon him) said, “… and among his guidance ﷺ in the month of Ramadān are: intensifying the worship of Allah Almighty; as Jibreel used to revise the Qur’an with him in Ramadān. And the Prophet ﷺ was the most generous of men and he was more generous in Ramadān, when he met with Jibreel, more so than a cool breeze. [1]
The Salaf (the Pious Predecessors) and the Qur’ān in Ramadān
It is recommended in the favored times, such as the month of Ramadan, especially the nights in which we search for Laylatul Qadr (the Night of Majesty), that we should increase the recitation of the Qur’an to obtain the benefit of this time in this month.
On the first night of Ramadan, IImam Bukhari (may Allah have mercy upon him) used to gather his companions and lead them in the Prayer. He used to recite twenty verses in each rak’ah (i.e. a unit of prescribed movements and words followed by Muslims while offering prayers to Allah) and so forth until he finished the whole Qur’an. He also recited from half to one third of the Qur’an at the time before daybreak (Sohoor), so as to finish the entire Qur’an by the time he broke the fast every night. He used to say, “At each time of finishing the Qur’an, there is an accepted invocation that Allah will fulfill.” [2]
It was narrated on the authority of Al-Shafe’y that he finished reciting the entire Qur’an sixty times in Ramadan, besides those recited in his prayers.[3]
The Salaf (the Pious Predecessors) and standing up at night for prayer in the month of Ramadan
It has been reported on the authority of Al Sa’eb Ibn Yazid, who said, “In the era of Oman Ibn Al-Khattab, they used to stand up at night for prayer in Ramadan praying twenty Rakat, and they used to recite about two hundred verses of Qur’an in a go[4]. In the era of Othman Ibn Affan, they had to support themselves with canes because of the length of time they used to stand in prayer.” [5]
It has been reported on the authority of Abdullah Ibn Abi Bakr, who said, “I heard my father saying: ‘By the time we had finished our prayers in Ramadan, the servants would have to rush to prepare food in fear of the coming of Fajr.’”[6]
Nafi` reported that Ibn `Umar used to pray in his house during the month of Ramadan. When the people departed from the mosque, he would go off to the Prophet’s Mosque with a flask of water. He would not leave the mosque again until after Fajr Prayer.[7]

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